When it comes to canine age groups and what they mean, pet owners might benefit from a crash course from an animal health professional.
A recent survey of 1000 puppy owners found that while most have a general idea of when their pooch has reached full maturity, some confusion remains.
Indeed, the majority of those surveyed did not realize a dog’s breed impacts the duration of the animal’s puppy stage. Specifically, 47 per cent of small-breed owners and 92 per cent of large-breed owners were unaware of the recommendation to feed puppy food for up to a year and up to two years, respectively.
“Puppies have specific nutritional requirements to help support their rapid growth and development,” says Callie Harris, DVM, a veterinarian at Purina, which conducted the survey. “Similar to babies, puppies’ bodies are fast-growing, but unlike babies, puppies pack all their growth into one to two short years.”
When asked why they no longer fed puppy food, 36 per cent of owners who had stopped said they believed their pet had already reached adult size.
As a general rule, dogs less than one year of age are considered puppies, but different breeds mature at different rates:
- toy and small breed dogs weighing less than 13.6 kg (30 lbs.) may reach full maturity between nine and 12 months of age;
- dogs weighing between 13.6 and 36.3 kg (30 and 80 lbs.) (i.e. medium breeds) take 12 to 16 months to fully mature; and
- large and giant breeds (heavier than 36.3 kg [80 lbs.]) can take up to 24 months to reach full maturity.